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Craft Techniques

Glass

The craft of glass making dates back to 1524 when the first factory was founded in the city of Puebla. The few workshops remaining today are located in the Puebla, Oaxaca, Mexico State, Jalisco and Guanajuato.

There are a variety of different techniques used in Mexico to shape and form glass, the oldest and most popular being glass blowing. The artisan blows air through a metal tube holding glass in a molten state on the opposite end, forming a glass bubble which is then shaped accordingly and then left to cool gradually in a special chamber.

Another interesting technique is “Pepita” meaning pumpkin seed in Spanish – it refers to delicate ovals etched across the glasses’ surface creating delicate floral motifs. This engraving is done by quickly and carefully moving the glass surface against a rotating aluminum oxide stone.

The craft of glass making dates back to 1524 when the first factory was founded in the city of Puebla.

Lastly, pressed glass is another technique whereby molten glass is hand pressed into wrought iron molds. Each of these processes are done completely by hand and for this reason the products tend to have slight variations.